Applications of Power Capacitors and Harmonics on Electrical Equipment

Online /
Jul 5 - 7, 2021 /
Course Code: 12-0701-ONL21

  • Overview
  • Syllabus
  • Instructor


Please note, This instructor-led course has specific dates and times:
This course is held online over 3 days (July 5, 6 and 7, 2021) on the following schedule (All times in Eastern Time Zone):
10:00 am to 4:00 pm Eastern

After participating in this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand the basics of power system capacitors
  • Analyze system performance with application of capacitor banks
  • Understand technical considerations associated with the application of capacitor banks
  • Apply the power system capacitors to improve system performance
  • Prepare specifications for power system capacitors
  • Conduct economic analysis associated with the application of capacitor banks

Day 1 covers the fundamentals necessary to understand the use of shunt capacitors in power factor improvement and shunt compensation and the use of series capacitor mainly in long extra high voltage applications.

Day 2 deals with the application of shunt capacitors and static VAR compensation in distribution and transmission systems and how to develop a business case which supports the use of capacitor banks to improve system performance. Power quality and harmonics are covered too.

Day 3 presents all the necessary information to successfully specify power capacitor which fits application at hand. It covers applicable standards, control and protection of capacitor banks, testing along with various technical information which are necessary to put together proper specification for capacitor banks.

Course Outline

  • Power capacitor principles and fundamentals
  • Basic formulas for working with capacitors
  • Capacitor switching and series capacitors
  • Power factor correction in induction motor circuits
  • Harmonics and power quality
  • Application of capacitor banks in distribution systems
  • Static VAR compensators and economic analysis
  • Industry standards and testing of capacitors
  • Control and protection systems
  • Installation, operation and maintenance

Who Should Attend:
Engineers involved in Electrical Systems Design in Distribution Systems, Industrial Plants and Commercial and Institutional Buildings and Facilities • Utility Engineers • Consulting Engineers • Electric Utility Engineers • Facility Engineers • Electrical Contractors

More Information

Time: 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM Eastern Time

Please note: You can check other time zones here.


Day 1: Capacitor Bank Fundamentals

Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

Review of Electrical Current and Power Principles

  • Review of resistive, inductive, and capacitive circuits
  • Active, reactive, and apparent power
  • Vector, phasor, sine wave analysis, RMS, peak AC values

Power Capacitor Principles and Fundamentals

  • Fundamentals of power capacitors
  • Capacitance, reactance, current, VARs
  • Current/power flow vs. capacitor location

Basic Formulas for Working with Capacitors

  • Analysis of Capacitors in Circuits
  • Effect of system frequency and voltage
  • Capacitor ratings and connections
  • Power Factor Basics
    • Power triangle
    • Measuring and calculating VARs
    • Measuring and calculating power factor
    • Instantaneous and time-averaged, lagging and leading power factors

Power Factor Improvement

  • Various methods of calculations for power factor improvement
  • Analysis of practical limits of power factor correction
  • Fixed vs Switched Capacitors
  • Benefits of Power Factor Correction
    • Electricity cost reduction
    • Electrical system var loading reduction
    • Electrical equipment capacity improvement
    • Thermal/electrical loss reduction
    • Voltage levels and regulation improvement

Capacitor Switching

  • Switching operation
  • Voltage acceptance Criteria
  • Insulation Coordination
  • Examples

Series Capacitors

  • Series Capacitors on Radial Feeders
  • Series Capacitors for Transmission Lines
  • Limitations of Series Capacitor Applications

Day 2: Capacitor Bank Applications

Power Factor Correction in Induction Motor Circuits

  • Induction motor load basics
  • Bulk and static power factor corrections
  • Inverter and solid state soft starter applications

Capacitor Selection for Motor Applications

  • Capacitor selection basics
  • Power factor correction calculation methods
  • Power factor correction calculation examples

Addressing Special Motor Application Concerns

  • Supply resonance
  • Steps to minimize supply resonance problems
  • Harmonic power factor correction

Harmonics and Power Quality

  • Power Quality Definitions and Indices
  • Harmonic Sources
  • System Response to Harmonics
  • Equipment Ratings and Harmonics
  • Effects of Disturbances on Equipment and Processes

Harmonic Filters

  • Harmonic Sources
  • System Response to Harmonics
  • Acceptable Performance
  • Harmonic Filters
  • System Response Considerations
  • Filter Design

Application of Capacitor Banks in Distribution Systems

  • Distribution systems load basics
  • Principles of power factor corrections
  • Use of capacitors in distribution systems
  • Effects of series and shunt capacitors
  • Capacitor installation types

Static VAR Compensators

  • Compensation Concepts
  • Effect of Shunt Compensation
  • Description of an SVC
  • Losses and Harmonics in the SVC
  • Effect of SVC on Bulk Power System
  • Application of the SVC

Economic Analysis

  • Economical benefits of capacitors installation in distribution systems
  • Review of special cases of capacitor banks installation in distribution systems

Day 3: Capacitor Bank Specifications

Industry Standards

  • Standard Organization
  • Standards Related to Capacitor

Testing of Capacitors

  • Design Tests
  • Routine Tests
  • Field Test

Location of Shunt Capacitors

  • Considerations in Locating Capacitors
  • Considerations in Handling Substation Capacitors
  • Shunt Capacitor Bank Configurations
  • Cables for Power Capacitors

Control and Protection Systems

  • Capacitor Bank Control
    • Switching of capacitor banks
    • Review of capacitor bank control systems
    • Practical examples of control
  • Protecting Capacitors and Capacitor Banks
    • Capacitor unit fusing
    • Phase and neutral overvoltage protection
    • Phase and ground overcurrent protection
    • Neutral unbalance protection

Installation, Operation and Maintenance

  • Installation of power capacitors and capacitor banks
  • Review of capacitor and capacitor banks operation
  • Breakers switching capacitors
  • Maintenance of capacitors and capacitor banks

Specifying Capacitors and Capacitor Banks

  • Types of Capacitor Banks
  • Capacitor bank configuration
  • Nominal voltage, normal operating voltage
  • The system MVar requirement
  • The rating of capacitor units
  • Specification Example

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes


Khaled Akida, P.Eng., MBA, M.Sc.

Khaled is a registered professional engineer and general manager of TEEBA Engineering Inc. He has extensive experience in substation design, power system studies, power quality audits, EMF and grounding design, field testing and EHS program settings.

Khaled received his M.Sc. from The University of New Brunswick and his MBA from Laurier School of Business. He has managed and executed various electrical engineering projects for major electrical, industrial and commercial facilities in Canada and the US.

He has various IEEE publications, is a technical reviewer for many IEEE journals and is a certified electrical safety trainer for GE. Khaled has been the recipient of GE Management Award and has many leadership certifications from GE Leadership Development Centre at Crotonville.

As a certified electrical safety trainer by GE Corporate, Khaled has taught many technical courses across Canada, USA, Asia and Middle East to industrial customers, electrical consultants and electrical utilities customers.


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Fee & Credits

$1995 + taxes

  • 1.5 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
  • 15 Professional Development Hours (PDHs)
  • ECAA Annual Professional Development Points

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