Power System Analysis for Industrial Application

Online /
Sep 16 - 18, 2024 /
Course Code: 15-0505-ONL24

The confirmation of this course depends on early registration; Register early to avoid the postponement or cancellation of a course.
  • Overview
  • Syllabus
  • Instructor


Please note, This instructor-led course has specific dates and times:
This course is held online over 3 days on the following schedule (All times in Eastern Time Zone):

10:00 am to 6:00 pm Eastern (Will include the usual breaks)

Please note that it is a requirement for all attendees to sign a "Confidentiality Agreement" prior to receiving the course notes for this online offering.

After participating in this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand short circuit events and the power system impacts
  • Protect your electrical systems using appropriate protective devices and know the best ways of coordinating them
  • Identify safety hazards to personnel who come in contact with energized electrical systems
  • Prevent equipment failures and malfunctions by employing proper arc flash mitigation techniques
  • Interpret standards and labels related to arc flash

This course aims to make electrical systems safer. A balance of theory and practice will provide a firm foundation of knowledge for your next design or construction project and field service work. The course material will prepare you to correct electrical system problems and improve safety and efficiency.

Additionally, a case study will be used to discuss short circuits, protective device coordination, arc flash analysis, and mitigation in an industrial plant.

Course Outline:

  • Electrical safety and short circuit
  • Conductor short circuit calculation
  • Motor contribution
  • Relay fundamentals
  • Coordination of devices
  • Ground Fault devices
  • Overcurrent relays
  • Transformer protection
  • Arc flash and new standard IEEE 1584-2018
  • Single-line diagram and system modelling

Who Should Attend
Electrical Engineers • Technicians and Technologists • Facility and Plant Engineers • Design Engineers • Supervisors • Field Engineers • Electrical Contractors

More Information

Time: 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM Eastern Time

Please note: You can check other time zones here.


Day 1

Symmetrical Components

Electrical Safety and Short Circuit Calculations

  • Short Circuit Study Basics
  • X/R Ratio
  • Data Collection
  • Code Requirements

Source Impedance

  • Utility Company Data
  • Equivalent Impedance
  • System Configuration
  • Future Conditions

Conductor Short Circuit Calculation

  • Conductor Calculations
  • Effect of Conductor Length
  • Size, Conduit and Insulation on Impedance
  • Conductor Calculation Worksheet
  • Calculation Examples

Transformer Short Circuit Calculations

  • Transformer Impedance
  • Transformer Calculations
  • Adding Source Impedance
  • Transformer Calculation Examples

Motor Contribution

  • Sub transient Reactance, Xd”
  • Effect on Short Circuit Current

Device Interrupting Ratings

  • Circuit Breaker and Fuse Interrupting Ratings
  • Testing Methods
  • Effect of X/R Ratio on Interrupting Ratings

Example of Detailed Short Circuit Calculation

Day II

Relay Fundamentals

  • Zones of protection, selectivity and reliability

Coordination Studies

  • Selective Coordination Basics
  • Time Current Curves
  • Data Requirements
  • Device Settings
  • Log Graph
  • Scale

Coordination of Devices

  • Moulded Case Circuit Breaker Coordination
  • Adjustable
  • Instantaneous Settings
  • Coordination of Multiple Devices
  • Long Time
  • Short Time
  • Instantaneous Settings
  • i2t Settings,
  • Coordination of Devices
  • No Instantaneous

Ground Fault Devices

  • Residually Connected Schemes
  • Zero Sequence Relaying
  • Setting of Devices
  • Nuisance Tripping
  • Ground Fault
  • Requirement for Services and Feeders

Overcurrent Relays

  • Amp Tap
  • Time Dial
  • Instantaneous
  • Current Transformers
  • Time Margins
  • Setting Selection
  • Time Current Curves

Transformer Protection

  • CEC Requirements
  • Inrush
  • ANSI C57 Thru Fault Curves
  • Adjustments to Thru Fault Curves Based on Winding


  • Delta-Wye and Delta Delta

Examples of Protective Device Coordination


Introduction to the Arc Flash Hazard

  • What is an Arc Flash
  • Characteristics
  • Electrical Safety Overview

Human Effects

  • Physiological Effects
  • Electrocution
  • Tissue Damage
  • Internal Organ Damage
  • Burns Fibrillation
  • “Curable” 2nd Degree Burn

Codes and Standards - Which One Do I Use?

  • CSA Z462, CEC, IEEE 1584™

Arc Flash Hazards

  • Electric Shock
  • Arc Flash
  • Arc Blast
  • Ultraviolet Light
  • Sound Pressure
  • Burn Injury

Arc Flash Circuit Dynamics - Fault Current, Arc Duration, Plasma

  • Arcing Faults vs. Bolted Faults
  • Effect of Current on Overcurrent Device Clearing Time
  • Time Current Curves, Short Circuit Current
  • Current Limitation
  • Effect of Transformer Size and Source Strength

CSA Z462 Requirements

  • Shock and Arc Flash Hazard Analysis
  • Creating Energized Work Permits
  • Electrically Safe Working Conditions

Approach Boundaries

  • Limited and Restricted Approach Boundaries
  • Arc Flash Boundary

PPE Categories and Arc Flash Calculations and Risk Assessment

  • Defining the PPE Category Tables 4 and 5; PPE Category 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Requirements
  • Selection of arc-rated clothing and other PPE when the incident energy analysis method is used
  • Limitations of Tables
  • Using Calculations Instead
  • Tables for DC arc flash

Personal Protective Equipment PPE

  • Protective Clothing Characteristics
  • Selection of PPE
  • ATPV and Ebt Ratings
  • ASTM Testing Methods

Arc Flash Labeling Requirements

  • Label Contents
  • Signal Words and Colors

The Ac Arc Flash Calculation Study Using IEEE Std. 1584™

  • Study Requirements
  • Methodology
  • Data Requirements
  • Modelling

Data Collection Process - How Much Is Enough?

  • Transformer
  • Conductor
  • Utility Company
  • Motor, Overcurrent Device
  • Equipment Type
  • Working Distance
  • Generator Data, Assumptions - what can be assumed?

Single Line Diagram and System Modeling

  • Importance of the Up-to-Date Diagram
  • System Configurations
  • High vs. Low Fault Current,
  • 2000 Amps rule
  • Motor Contribution

Arc Flash Duration - Time Current Curves

  • Determining the Arcing Current Clearing time
  • 85% vs. 100%
  • 2 Second Cut Off Allowance
  • Time Current Curves
  • Arc Extinction

Incident Energy Calculations, Worksheets and Class Problems

  • AC Incident Energy Calculations
  • Calculation Parameters
  • Working Distance
  • Equipment Type and Distance Exponents
  • Vertical and horizontal boxes with or without barriers
  • Gap Distance

Arc Flash Boundary Calculations, Worksheets and Class Problems

  • Arc Flash Boundary Calculations Based on Normalized Incident Energy
  • IEEE Arc Flash Boundary Calculations
  • Unusually Large Boundaries
  • Calculation Worksheets
  • Problem-Solving

DC Arc Flash Calculations, Worksheets, Examples and Problems

  • V-I Characteristics
  • DC Arc Resistance Calculations
  • DC Incident Energy Calculations
  • Box vs. Open Arc Calculations
  • Calculation Worksheets
  • Problem-Solving

Determining PPE Requirements from Incident Energy Calculations

  • Using calculated incident energy to determine PPE requirements. Comparing calculations to CSA Z462 Tables
  • Simplifying the PPE Selection

Arc Flash Warning Labels

  • Requirements
  • Label Locations
  • ANSI Z535 Requirements
  • Signal Words and Colors

Managing and Mitigating the Arc Flash Hazard

  • Increase Working Distance
  • Remote Operation, Maintenance Settings
  • Arc Resistant Equipment, Current Limiting Devices
  • Mitigation Equipment by Major Electrical Manufacturers
  • The Electrically Safe Working Condition Paradox
  • Future Research and Development

Case Study Using Computerized Software

  • Load flow, short circuit, protective device coordination and arc flash for an industrial plant electrical system

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes


Khaled Akida, P.Eng., MBA, M.Sc.

Khaled is a registered professional engineer and general manager of TEEBA Engineering Inc. He has extensive experience in substation design, power system studies, power quality audits, EMF and grounding design, field testing and EHS program settings.

Khaled received his M.Sc. from The University of New Brunswick and his MBA from Laurier School of Business. He has managed and executed various electrical engineering projects for major electrical, industrial and commercial facilities in Canada and the US.

He has various IEEE publications, is a technical reviewer for many IEEE journals and is a certified electrical safety trainer for GE. Khaled has received the GE Management Award and has many leadership certifications from GE Leadership Development Centre at Crotonville.

As a certified electrical safety trainer by GE Corporate, Khaled has taught many technical courses across Canada, the USA, Asia and the Middle East to industrial customers, electrical consultants and electrical utility customers.

The Engineering Institute of Canada

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4.5 out of 5

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Fee & Credits

$1995 + taxes

  • 2.1 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
  • 21 Continuing Professional Development Hours (PDHs/CPDs)
  • ECAA Annual Professional Development Points

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