Using Standard Form Contracts for Construction and Design Services

Online /
Nov 2 - 4, 2022 /
Course Code: 13-0803-ONL22

The confirmation of this course depends on early registration; Register early to avoid the postponement or cancellation of a course.
  • Overview
  • Syllabus
  • Instructor


Please note, This instructor-led course has specific dates and times:
This course is held online over 3 days on the following schedule (All times in Eastern Time Zone):

10:00 am to 6:00 pm Eastern (Will include the usual breaks)

This course includes a detailed analysis of the significant changes in the new CCDC-2 2020. Its new approach to contract completion and project close out promises to be adopted throughout the Canadian Construction Industry.

After Participating in this Course, You Will Be Able To:

  • Use the principal Canadian standard form construction documents issued by the Association of Consulting Engineers of Canada (ACEC), the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC), and the Canadian Construction Documents Committee (CCDC)
  • Recognize how construction contracts allocate risk among the parties and why it is to your advantage to use standard form construction documents to allocate that risk in a manner that is fair and appropriate
  • Minimize contract disputes and claims by using the standard form contract documents during the course of an engineering and construction project by managing the project fairly

When new contract documents are written, considerable effort is necessary to ensure that they are complete, consistent and critical items are not overlooked. You can avoid these problems by using standard documents that are well-designed, thoroughly reviewed, and accepted by major construction industry organizations.

You will learn how to reduce the occurrence of these problems by using a standardized set of contract documents developed by various industry organizations in Canada including the Canadian Construction Documents Committee. The CCDC is a broad-based coalition of construction industry organizations whose mission is to develop and distribute quality construction documents that are both complete and fair.

Course Outline

  • Theory and Practice of standard form contracts
  • The bidding process
  • The structure of construction contracts – fixed price, unit price, construction management, design-build, P3
  • A close look at standard terms and conditions
  • Modifying standard forms to suit your project – supplementary conditions
  • Workshop in choosing a standard form and adapting it
  • Design services contracts
  • Subcontracts, and standard form administrative documents and support forms

Who Should Attend
Those responsible for developing, managing and using construction contract documents in industrial, commercial, institutional and multi-unit residential buildings, including:
Owners • Principals • Construction Managers • Owner Representatives • Engineers • Project Managers • Contract administrators • Consulting engineers • Architects • Contractors • Procurement managers

Special Features

Attendees can purchase their copy of the CCDC 2 – 2020; however, this is not a course requirement.

A registration number is required to download CCDC’s electronic documents. Please see below for instructions and the list of document outlets.


  • 1. Purchase a registration number from a document outlet
  • 2. Proceed to download your document by selecting the blue button above
  • 3. Once in the registration form, please enter your registration number
  • 4. Note that some fields in the registration form are mandatory.
More Information

Time: 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM Eastern Time

Please note: You can check other time zones here.



Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method


  • The purpose and importance of contracts – contract law in a nutshell
    • The courts’ role in enforcement and interpretation of contracts
    • The two main types of contract terms
      • Express
      • Implied
  • Types of Contracts
    • Negotiated Contracts
      • Not quite a negotiation – the battle of the forms
    • Contracts of Adhesion
      • Owner Standard Forms
      • Industry Standard Forms
  • The benefits of Industry Standard Forms: legal, economic, psychological
  • A short history and geography of Industry Standard Forms
    • USA – the AIA Standard Forms
    • Global – FIDIC Standard Forms
    • The United Kingdom – JCT, NEC, _____
    • Canada – the Canadian Construction Documents Committee (CCDC)

Types of Construction Contracts (Project Delivery Systems)

  • Inherent legal obligations derive from the type of contract chosen
    • How the choice of payment method – fixed price, unit price, or cost plus – allocates most of the contractual risk
  • The traditional model: Design – Bid – Build
  • The search for a better mousetrap: modern alternative project delivery systems:
    • Construction Management
    • Integrated Project Delivery

An Overview of How Construction Contracts Implement the Choice of Project Delivery Method

This will look at and Compare how the CCDC-2 2020 and other standard form construction contracts use contract language to implement a particular project delivery method by reference to the CCDC-2 2020 Stipulated Price Contract, and other Standard Form Contracts, including:

  • OPSS
  • CCDC 2MA 2016 – master agreement between owner and contractor
  • CCDC 4 2011 unit price contract and CCDC 18 2001 civil works contract
  • CCDC 5A 2010 construction management contract – for services
  • CCDC 5B 2010 construction management contract – for services and construction
  • CCDC 14 2013 design-build stipulated price contract
  • Various Federal Government Standard Acquisition Clauses

The Language of the Bidding Process

This will consider the dearth of industry standard contract language to implement construction procurement by looking at the limited precedents available:

  • CCDC bidding documents: contractor’s qualification statement, stipulated price bid

and reviewing how owners effect procurement by either implementing a Ron Engineering style Contract A, or a low risk negotiated procurement, in light of the legal requirements imposed upon the public sector procurement process under applicable Trade Agreements and the common law of contracts.


A detailed and granular look at Standard Form Construction Contracts

Using the CCDC 2 2020 stipulated price contract as a guide, the Course will provide a detailed analysis of the components and terms of a traditional fixed-price construction contract, considering the commercial purpose and legal effect of the following:

  • Parts of the construction contract
  • The agreement
  • The general conditions
  • Definitions and preliminary matters
  • Contract documents and interpretation
  • Subsurface and physical conditions
  • Contractor's responsibilities
  • Other work at the site
  • Owner's responsibilities
  • The role of the consultant
  • Changes in price and time
  • Quality of construction provisions
  • Payments
  • Claims
  • Suspension and termination
  • Dispute resolution
  • Bonds and insurance

For comparison, selected provisions of other Standard Form Stipulated Price Contracts will be reviewed to demonstrate alternative ways to achieve desired outcomes, including: OPSS and Federal Standard Acquisition Clauses

Workshop – Tinkering with the Standard Form through Supplementary Conditions

  • Role and purpose of supplementary conditions
  • The class will look at circumstances where an owner might not want to use a particular general conditions, and consider how the contract terms could be changed through the use of a supplementary condition.

Subcontracts, Administrative Documents, and Support Forms

This will look at other standard form documents necessary to implement and document the construction process, including

  • CCA-1 2008 stipulated price subcontract
  • Application for payment
  • Change orders
  • Statutory declarations
  • Certificate of substantial performance


Contracts for Design Services

Introduction – the sources of Standard Form Design Services Contracts, and the considerations going into their terms, such as

  • RAIC Document Six 2017 – standard form of contract for architectural services
  • OAA 600 – the Ontario Architect’s Association standard form architectural services agreement
  • ACEC Document 31 – 2010 - engineering agreement between client and engineer

Using the RAIC Six as a guide, a detailed and granular look at the Content and terms of Agreements for Design Services, including

  • Structure and use
  • Describing the scope of services
  • Owner's responsibilities
  • Compensation
  • Time for performance
  • Payment procedures and measures of compensation
  • Opinions of cost
  • Ownership and use of documents
  • Dispute resolution
  • Suspension and termination
  • Notice of acceptability
  • Insurance
  • Hazardous environmental conditions

Where useful, the terms of other standard form design services agreements will be viewed to compare alternative contract language to achieve the same or different outcomes.

Other Design Services Agreements

This section will look in a general sense at the features of other standard form design services agreements, such as:

  • abbreviated and short form client architect agreements
  • ACEC Document 35 - 2013 project management
  • ACEC Document 36 - 2012 agreement of studies and reports
  • ACEC Document 39 - agreement between owner and owner’s engineer for design/build projects
  • CCDC 15 2013 - design services contract between design-builder and consultant
  • RAIC 9 - Canadian standard form of contract between consultant and architect
  • ACEC Document 32 - 2011 agreement between engineer and sub-consultant

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes


Michael MacKay, B.A., LL.B.

Michael MacKay practiced law in Toronto for over 21 years, the last 19 almost exclusively in the field of construction law, and the last 14 at his own firm. He was a member of the Ontario Bar Association’s Construction Law Section’s Executive Committee from 1993 to 2009, and for most of that time co-edited its newsletter “Nuts & Bolts”. He is a frequent contributor to the Construction Law Letter. For over 20 years, he has travelled all across Canada to talk on construction law topics – including a complete construction law course for EPIC.

The Engineering Institute of Canada AAA Approved    EPP Approved   

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4.2 out of 5

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Fee & Credits

$1995 + taxes

  • 2.1 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
  • 21 Professional Development Hours (PDHs)
  • ECAA Annual Professional Development Points

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